Références par ordre alphabétique

Sélection d’articles, livres et podcasts sur le thème des inégalités en archéologie et anthropologie avec quelques comptes-rendus et résumés.

L’explosion actuelle des inégalités a de profondes répercussions sociales, sur la santé et le bien-être des humains. Pour les populations plus anciennes, les témoignages sont plus subtils tant les indicateurs sont difficiles à établir. Pourtant en contextualisant de manière qualitative et quantitative les découvertes du passé, l’archéologie peut être une source de compréhension de ces inégalités et éclairer son évolution au cours du temps.


Alexander, M.M., Gutiérrez, A., Millard, A.R., Richards, M.P., and Gerrard, C.M. (2019). Economic and socio-cultural consequences of changing political rule on human and faunal diets in medieval Valencia (c. fifth–fifteenth century AD) as evidenced by stable isotopes. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences (11), 3875-3893. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-019-00810-x

Allen, M.W., Bettinger, R.L., Codding, B.F., Jones, T.L., and Schwitalla, A.W. (2016). Resource scarcity drives lethal aggression among prehistoric hunter-gatherers in central California. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113(43), 12120–12125. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1607996113

Ansell, D.A. (2017). The Death Gap: How Inequality Kills (University of Chicago Press), 235p. https://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/chicago/D/bo113685153.html [lire le compte-rendu]

Arthur, J.W. (2002). Pottery Use-Alteration as an Indicator of Socioeconomic Status: An Ethnoarchaeological Study of the Gamo of Ethiopia. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 9(4), 331–355. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1021309616231

Augereau, A. (2022). In search of the origin of inequalities: Gender study and variability of social organization in the first farmers societies of western Europe (Linearbandkeramik culture). Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 66, 101413. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaa.2022.101413.


Biermann, F., and Jankowiak, M. (2021). The Archaeology of Slavery in Early Medieval Northern Europe. The Invisible Commodity (Springer, Cham)

Blanpain, N. (2018). L’espérance de vie par niveau de vie. Méthode et principaux résultats (Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques), 47 p. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/3322051

Blanpain, N., and Chardon, O. (2011). Les inégalités sociales face à la mort. Tables de mortalité par catégorie sociale et indices standardisés de mortalité pour quatre périodes (1976-1984, 1983-1991, 1991-1999, 2000-2008) (Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques), 125 p. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1380839


Colleter, R., Clavel, B., Pietrzak, A., Duchesne, S., Schmitt, L., Richards, M.P., Telmon, N., Crubézy, É., and Jaouen, K. (2019). Social status in late medieval and early modern Brittany: insights from stable isotope analysis. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 11(3), 823–837. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-017-0547-9


DeWitte, S.N., and Hughes-Morey, G. (2012). Stature and frailty during the Black Death: the effect of stature on risks of epidemic mortality in London, A.D. 1348-1350. Journal of Archaeological Science 39(5). https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24363485/

Dittmar, J.M., Mitchell, P.D., Cessford, C., Inskip, S.A., and Robb, J.E. (2021). Medieval injuries: Skeletal trauma as an indicator of past living conditions and hazard risk in Cambridge, England. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 175(3), 626–645. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.24225


Fagbamigbe, A.F., Kandala, N.-B., and Uthman, O.A. (2020). Mind the gap: What explains the poor-non-poor inequalities in severe wasting among under-five children in low- and middle-income countries? Compositional and structural characteristics. PLOS ONE 15(11), e0241416. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0241416

Fassin, D. (2020). De l’inégalité des vies, leçon inaugurale. Dans Les Cours du Collège de France, France Culture [podcast]. https://www.franceculture.fr/emissions/les-cours-du-college-de-france/de-linegalite-des-vies-lecon-inaugurale-de-didier-fassin

Fernández-Crespo, T., Snoeck, C., Ordoño, J., Winter, N.J. de, Czermak, A., Mattielli, N., Lee-Thorp, J.A., and Schulting, R.J. (2020). Multi-isotope evidence for the emergence of cultural alterity in Late Neolithic Europe. Science Advances 6 (4), eaay2169. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aay2169

Fochesato, M., Bogaard, A., and Bowles, S. (2019). Comparing ancient inequalities: the challenges of comparability, bias and precision. Antiquity 93(370), 853–869. https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:f8883300-438c-4c2c-8c19-18adc84bae40


Graeber, D., and Wengrow, D. (2021). Au commencement était… Une nouvelle histoire de l’humanité (Les Liens qui Libèrent), 752 p. http://www.editionslesliensquiliberent.fr/livre-Au_commencement_%C3%A9tait-672-1-1-0-1.html [Lire un compte-rendu]


Haak, W., Brandt, G., Jong, H.N. de, Meyer, C., Ganslmeier, R., Heyd, V., Hawkesworth, C., Pike, A.W.G., Meller, H., and Alt, K.W. (2008). Ancient DNA, Strontium isotopes, and osteological analyses shed light on social and kinship organization of the Later Stone Age. PNAS 105(47), 18226–18231. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0807592105


Isaacs, K.P., Li, Z., Choudhury, S., and Nicchitta, I.A. (2021). The Growing Gap in Life Expectancy by Income: Recent Evidence and Implications for the Social Security Retirement Age (U.S. Congressional Research Service). https://ecommons.cornell.edu/handle/1813/79506


Jankauskas, R. (2003). The incidence of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis and social status correlations in Lithuanian skeletal materials. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 13(5), 289–293. https://doi.org/10.1002/oa.697

Jiménez-Brobeil, S.A., Charisi, D., Laffranchi, Z., Maroto Benavides, R.M., Delgado Huertas, A., and Milella, M. (2021). Sex differences in diet and life conditions in a rural Medieval Islamic population from Spain (La Torrecilla, Granada): An isotopic and osteological, approach to gender differentiation in al-Andalus. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 175(4), 794–815. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajpa.24277


Kinaston, R.L., Buckley, H.R., and Gray, A. (2013). Diet and social status on Taumako, a Polynesian outlier in the Southeastern Solomon Islands. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 151(4), 589–603. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.22314

Kohler, T.A., and Smith, M.E. (2018). Ten Thousand Years of Inequality: The Archaeology of Wealth Differences (University of Arizona Press), 384 p. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt20d8801 [lire le compte rendu]

Kohler, T.A., Smith, M.E., Bogaard, A., Feinman, G.M., Peterson, C.E., Betzenhauser, A., Pailes, M., Stone, E.C., Prentiss, A.M., Dennehy, T.J., et al. (2018). Greater post-Neolithic wealth disparities in Eurasia than in North America and Mesoamerica. Nature 551(7682), 619. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature24646 [lire le compte rendu]

Komar, D. (2008). Patterns of Mortuary Practice Associated with Genocide: Implications for Archaeological Research. Current Anthropology 49(1), 123–133. https://doi.org/10.1086/524761


Meyer, C., Lohr, C., Gronenborn, D., and Alt, K.W. (2015). The massacre mass grave of Schöneck-Kilianstädten reveals new insights into collective violence in Early Neolithic Central Europe. PNAS 112(36), 11217–11222. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1504365112

Miszkiewicz, J.J. (2019). Medieval English Social Inequality and Bone Health: What Lessons are There to be Learnt for the Living? In J.J. Miszkiewicz, S.L. Brennan-Olsen, and J.A. Riancho, eds. Bone Health: A Reflection of the Social Mosaic (Singapore: Springer), pp. 3–15. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-981-13-7256-8_1


Noiriel, G. (2018). Une histoire populaire de la France. De la guerre de Cent Ans à nos jours (Agone), 832 p. https://agone.org/livres/unehistoirepopulairedelafrance2eedition/unehistoirepopulairedelafrance2eedition


Pérez-Ramallo, P., Lorenzo-Lizalde, J.I., Staniewska, A., Lopez, B., Alexander, M., Marzo, S., Lucas, M., Ilgner, J., Chivall, D., Grandal-d́Anglade, A., et al. (2022). Stable isotope analysis and differences in diet and social status in northern Medieval Christian Spain (9th–13th centuries CE). Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 41, 103325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.103325


Quinn, S.C., and Kumar, S. (2014). Health Inequalities and Infectious Disease Epidemics: A Challenge for Global Health Security. Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science 12(5), 263–273. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4170985/

Quintelier, K., Ervynck, A., Müldner, G., Van Neer, W., Richards, M.P., and Fuller, B.T. (2014). Isotopic examination of links between diet, social differentiation, and DISH at the post-medieval Carmelite Friary of Aalst, Belgium: DIET, Social Status and DISH. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 153(2), 203–213. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.22420 [lire le compte rendu]


Rewekant, A. (2001). Do environmental disturbances of an individual’s growth and development influence the later bone involution processes? A study of two mediaeval populations. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 11(6), 433–443. https://doi.org/10.1002/oa.584

Robb, J., Bigazzi, R., Lazzarini, L., Scarsini, C., and Sonego, F. (2001). Social “status” and biological “status” : a comparison of grave goods and skeletal indicators from Pontecagnano. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 115(3), 213–222. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.1076

Rogers, J., and Waldron, T. (2001). DISH and the monastic way of life. International Journal of Osteoarcheology 11(5), 357–365. https://doi.org/10.1002/oa.574


Scheidel, W. (2018). The Great Leveler: Violence and the History of Inequality from the Stone Age to the Twenty-First Century (Princeton University Press), 528p. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv346rs7

Schroeder, H., Margaryan, A., Szmyt, M., Theulot, B., Włodarczak, P., Rasmussen, S., Gopalakrishnan, S., Szczepanek, A., Konopka, T., Jensen, T.Z.T., et al. (2019). Unraveling ancestry, kinship, and violence in a Late Neolithic mass grave. PNAS 116(22), 10705–10710. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1820210116

Scott, J.C. (2019). Homo Domesticus. Une histoire profonde des premiers États (La Découverte), 302 p. https://www.editionsladecouverte.fr/catalogue/index-Homo_Domesticus-9782707199232.html

Smith, M.E., Dennehy, T., Kamp-Whittaker, A., Colon, E., and Harkness, R. (2014). Quantitative Measures of Wealth Inequality in Ancient Central Mexican Communities. Advances in Archaeological Practice 2(4), 311–323. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/advances-in-archaeological-practice/article/abs/quantitative-measures-of-wealth-inequality-in-ancient-central-mexican-communities/59104BB672CF8A2051BBE205FFE2CD0F


Testart, A. (1982). Les chasseurs-cueilleurs ou l’origine des inégalités (Paris: Société d’Ethnographie, Université Paris X-Nanterre). Compte-rendu => https://www.persee.fr/doc/homso_0018-4306_1984_num_71_1_3197

Touraille, P. (2008). Hommes grands, femmes petites : une évolution coûteuse. Les régimes de genre comme force sélective de l’évolution biologique (Paris: Éditions de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme). http://www.editions-msh.fr/livre/?GCOI=27351100713640 [Lire le compte rendu]

Touraille, P. (2011). Déplacer les frontières conceptuelles du genre. Journal des anthropologues. Association française des anthropologues 124-125, 49–69. https://doi.org/10.4000/jda.5267


Vanhaeren, M., and d’Errico, F. (2005). Grave goods from the Saint-Germain-la-Rivière burial: Evidence for social inequality in the Upper Palaeolithic. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 24(2), 117–134. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278416505000103

Vercellotti, G., Stout, S.D., Boano, R., and Sciulli, P.W. (2011). Intrapopulation variation in stature and body proportions: Social status and sex differences in an Italian medieval population (Trino Vercellese, VC). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 145(2), 203–214. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.21486


Weiss, N.M., Vercellotti, G., Boano, R., Girotti, M., and Stout, S.D. (2019). Body size and social status in medieval Alba (Cuneo), Italy. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 168(3), 595–605. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23776

Wilkinson, R. (27 octobre 2021). Inequality, pandemics and climate change. SFU Vancouver Speaker. Series. https://youtu.be/AKPhaBTswHw. [Lire le compte rendu]


Yu, S.-Y., Chen, X.-X., and Fang, H. (2019). Inferring inequality in prehistoric societies from grave sizes: a methodological framework. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences11, 4947–4958. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-019-00845-0


Zou, Z., Wang, X., Wang, sC., Zhang, Z., Sun, X., Yang, S., Zhu, C., Zhu, H., Zhang, Q., and Wang, Q. (2021). Hiding a leaf in the forest: uncovering a 1300-year-old homicide case in a 2000-year-old cemetery. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 13(11), 200. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-021-01459-1

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